Texas Hold’em is the world’s most popular variant of poker. This article will quickly teach you the rules and how to play the game.
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How the game starts
One player acts as the dealer. This position is called the button and it rotates clockwise after every hand.
The two players to the left of the dealer are called the small blind and the big blind and they are forced to put bets of a pre-determined amount into the pot before the cards are dealt.
Every player at the table is then dealt two cards face down – these are called your ‘hole cards’.
There is a round of betting that goes clockwise around the table where you can choose to play your hand with a ‘call’ (match the amount of the big blind) or a ‘raise’. If you choose not to play your hand, you ‘fold’. This stage is known as ‘pre-flop’.
When all the pre-flop betting has finished, we move onto the next stage of the hand called the flop.
How the play continues
Three community cards are dealt face-up in the middle of the table. This is called the ‘flop’.
The betting resumes, clockwise from the button, with each player having the option to check (if no bet is in front of them), bet (or raise if a bet is before them), call or fold.
When this round of betting is finished, a fourth community card is dealt face-up. This is called the ‘turn’.
After another round of betting follows before a final shared card – called the ‘river’ – is dealt.
Players are now able to see all five cards in the middle and use them alongside their two hole cards to make the best possible five-card poker hand. Not sure what the best Texas Holdem poker hands are? We explain that further below.
End of the hand
There are two ways a hand can end.
The first is when the action on the river ends with a call – both players show their hole cards and the player with the best hand wins. This is known as a showdown.
The other is that someone will bet enough that everyone else folds. This is how many hands end in Texas Hold’em and that’s the magic of the game – you don’t always need the best hand to win.
Poker Hand Rankings
Though bluffing is a well-known aspect of poker and a huge part of the game, it’s still important to aim to make the strongest poker hand – especially for beginners. The hand rankings are as follows:
Best Starting Hands
It’s also essential to know which hands are best to play and why.
Below is a chart of the Top 10 Starting Hands in Texas Hold’em:
Big pairs like two aces (aka Pocket Aces or AA), two kings, or two queens are some of the strongest starting hands in the game.
Why is that? Because you begin the hand with one pair even before the community cards are dealt. You can also improve to strong hands like ‘Three of a Kind’ (Trips) or ‘Four of a Kind’ (Quads) once you see the flop, turn and river.
High suited cards, that is, cards of the same suit, like Ace-King, Ace-Queen, and King-Queen are also strong holdings.
Why? Because if any of these appear on the community cards you will likely hold the best pair possible (aka top pair). These cards are also really good for making straights and flushes, which are strong hands.
If you have KK (pocket kings) and the community cards are 9-9-K-5-2 you have a ‘Full House’. You use your two hold cards (KK) along with the 9-9-K on the board to make K-K-K-9-9, the best five-card hand possible.
If the community cards were 9-8-K-5-2, you would have ‘Three of a Kind’, K-K-K-9-8.
And if the board was 9-8-4-5-2, you would just have a ‘Pair of Kings’, K-K-9-8-5.
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